Coalition Politics and Indian Democracy: Challenges and Prospects
Keywords:Alliance, Coalition, Configuration, Incumbency
Coalition politics has become an integral feature of Indian democracy, playing a significant role in
shaping the country's political landscape. This research paper aims to provide a comprehensive
analysis of coalition politics in India and its impact on the functioning of democracy. It also highlights
the factors that contribute to the formation of coalitions, such as the fragmented nature of Indian
politics, regional diversity, and the need for consensus-building in a multi-party system. Additionally,
the paper examines the ideological and opportunistic motivations that drive political parties to form
coalitions. It explores how power is distributed among various coalition partners, the role of regional
and national parties, and the challenges in maintaining stability and coherence within diverse
coalitions. This paper also investigates the impact of coalition politics on policy-making processes and
governance effectiveness. It emphasizes the need for strategic alliances, consensus-building
mechanisms, and effective governance structures to address the inherent complexities and ensure
stable coalition governments. It offers insights into the future prospects and challenges of coalition
politics in Indian democracy and provide valuable insights for policymakers, political analysts, and
scholars interested in comparative politics and democratic governance.
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